The objectives of the study is to support the EU for the potential policy development in the field of the access to space by providing a comparative analysis of the international practices and related existing national space policies and legal frameworks of the following major space-faring nations: USA, Russia, China, Japan and India. The analysis should consider the development of national infrastructures, production and exploitation (e.g. organizational set-ups, costs, and governances), R&D activities (e.g. cost reductions, reliability, availability, non-dependence), how nations are supporting their local private sector and how the institutional demands participate in the support of their launch systems. In addition, an analysis of the present situation and how trends could impact the launch sector in the short, mid and long terms. Lessons learnt from international competition and recommendations applicable to the European case should be then derived.