|Aspects of technology requirements for future Europa surface and sub-surface exploration
|Sarah Watson, Author
|ISU Individual Project
|Illkirch-Graffenstaden (France) : International Space University, 2020
|1 electronic resource (vii, 47 p.) / col. ill.
|Includes bibliographical references and apendix
|Despite being the smallest of the Galileanmoons of Jupiter, Europa has been a point of interest to astrobiologists since the discovery of a thick layer of ice hiding a potential liquid ocean. Since the first flyby of Europa by the Pioneer 10 spacecraft in1973, there have been numerous missions that have revealed a more detailed view of the surface, as well as providing a better insight into the subsurface ocean. The launch of the Europa Clipper in 2025 will be a huge step forward in the exploration of Europa, however it is limited to reconnaissance through the absence of a lander. The report introduces Europa as a potential habitat for life and explores the methods that could be used to one day lead to detection. It analyses past and future missions to Europa with a focus on their scientific instrumentation. It was found that there is a significant emphasis on determining the habitability of Europa and not detection of life itself which could be achieved using biosignatures, both remote and in-situ.
|ISU program :
|Master of Space Studies
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